Fashion and its faces

Fashion and its faces

The “nudity” of South American Indians and Aboriginal Indians of Pará, still without regular contact with the white man, 1894. If we consider their bodily ornaments as clothing, the South American Indians and Aboriginal Australians are not really naked. Because they are use – in large doses – of colors and textures in their body painting, headdresses, belts, earrings and other adornments. The “props” used are design to be attractive and erotic appeal in relation to the opposite sex. Also having a religious (ritual) or social function (being use in dances and socialization events of the tribe). What made the European colonizer think that these people were naked was the fact that, as a rule , no concern to conceal the genitalia.

On the contrary, several tribes value it through the use of a kind of penis “kit”. Both men and women, depilate and use colorful props to enhance the pubic region. To illustrate the cultural shock that occurred meeting between whites (Europeans) and natives. We suggest two films, which are among the best productions of the Brazilian  cinema. How Sweet was My French, 1970, and Hans Staden, 1999. In both films, we got in touch with the way of “dressing” (adornar) of the tupinambás camisetas evangelicas, a colorful universe engendered by tropical fauna and flora, so rich in pigments (such as annatto), fibers (like jute) and various materials for the making of adornments and props the colorful feathers of macaws and toucans).

In contrast to the indigenous peoples of South America, the natives of North America have always worn clothing camisetas gospel in the contemporary sense of the term, although they also use headdresses and other props. The use of “traditional” clothing (to our Western and Christian standards) is due in part to the temperate climate and in part to its proximity to two great and ancient civilizations. The Mayans and the Aztecs. , is very precise in the recreation of the clothes of the Indians Sioux and Crow. As in the Brazilian films cited in the previous topic, the film shows the clash between two distinct (and sometimes antagonistic) cultures and the possibility of individual adaptation or cultural synthesis.

The three great civilizations of Pre-Columbian America (Incas, Maias and Aztecs) had in common the taste for elaborate garments (such as tunics, cloaks, and cloaks), weaving well developed (in the specific case of the Incas, including wool of llamas and vicuñas). And the fact of the most colorful costumes and colored earrings for men, as well as earrings, bandanas, bracelets and other ornaments. The female garments were generally monochromatic and straight-cut. [4] The Quechua and Aymara in South America still preserve many of the habits of the ancient Incas. In antiquity As we have seen, by the end of prehistory, to cover themselves with animal skins to protect themselves from the weather.

And over time this protection became more and more synonymous with power and status. People thought that using animal skins was fashionable, more and more seen. This trend was being supplant by the use of natural fibers such as linen and cotton in Egypt and silk in China. In Eastern Antiquity garments became use for social differentiation: the different castes in India wore different colors and pattern. In Egypt the peasant’s garment was only a perissome (a kind of “diaper”) made of cotton. While the priests and warriors wore elaborate tunics, and various ornaments. And in this way, various forms of clothing and ornaments emerged in Eastern societies. So that people could easily be identify in relation to their role.

The Greeks, with the cult of the beautiful and their ideal of Paideia. Which consisted in the assumption that “a sound mind inhabits a healthy body” (which the Romans translated as ” mens sana in corpore sano “). They despised the garments. The young men were naked most of the time – as we can see in analyzing Greek statuary and painting. But they always had a sort of mantle or cloak over their shoulders, for civic solemnities.  For the interior of the dwellings. devalued, spending most of their time in the gynoecium. They are usually depict dress in the “peplos” Ionian (Athens) or the “chiton” (Doric) Doric (Sparta).

The difference in male and female representation is easily discernible in analyzing the patterns of Kouros and Kore. With Hellenism, and the expansion of Greek letters and arts throughout the Mediterranean basin. The various cultures blend together, bringing about a change in the forms of representation. In the bosom of the Hellenistic formal synthesis, women for the first time appear naked, as is the case of the famous Venus de Milo.Afresco of Pompeii, representing a young man. In Rome, profoundly more democratic in relation to the genre than Greece. Women not only participate in cultural life, but also civic solemnities.

There are numerous examples in the Roman statuary of elaborate hairstyles and sumptuous robes that identified patrician women. Men of the senatorial class (senators, magistrates, tribunes) were allow to wear the toga. which is still used today by the judges. Men and women, wore robes similar to the patricians (only the use of the toga was forbidden). But did not wear ornaments indicative of high social status, such as diadems, rings and other ornaments. In the Byzantine period, where Christianity was already the official religion of the State, nudity was outlawed. And the clothes became sharply wider and longer, and these were the vestments that gave rise to the habits of the monks. And nuns and the cassocks of the priests. For example, the value of purple clothing, called “purple”, was derive. For this color was derive from a very rare pigment which only the nobility could afford.

Emperor Justinian, depicted in a mosaic by Ravenna. The poorest wore blue clothes, which were made with urea, found in abundance. For dyers used to drink a lot of alcoholic beverages, they used to make urine in buckets. And this was used for dye the pieces of fabric. [5] The peasants still used raw tones, ocher and earth. We find, in any compendium of chemistry, how to produce the blue color through urea. The great civilizations of the Far East, India, China and Japan developed their own styles and idioms. Extremely differentiated, and the main innovation was in the field of textures, the use of silk, and dyeing.